>> Vient de paraître : « The capability approach as a framework for assessing the role of microcredit in resource conversion: the case of rural households in the Madagascar highlands », Sandrine MICHEL & Holimalala RANDRIAMANAMPISOA
ABSTRACT : “This article applies the capability approach in order to analyse microcredit as a tool for resource conversion, which permits poor households to take advantage of latent opportunities. This approach calls for linking microcredit with the choices of the poor themselves. A sample of 290 rural households from the Madagascar highlands was surveyed over two consecutive years. To identify the most relevant dimensions of poverty available for a conversion process, data were processed using factor analysis. A hierarchical classification then permitted the distribution of the households over three capability levels. Finally, an ordered multinomial logit brings out how microcredit influences the likelihood that a household receiving such a loan will reach a higher capability level. The main findings indicate that microcredit represents a robust means to obtain a higher level of capability. Moreover, when the process of borrowing endures, poor households enter into a learning process that increases the effect of microcredit. Regardless of the gender of the household head, microcredit increases the probability of reaching an enhanced level of capability, except for the poorest households headed by a woman. The head of household’s level of education only improves the effect of microcredit if the productive system implemented needs specific competencies related to educational attainment. »
JEL classifications: O12, I32, G21. (…)”
Michel S. & Randriamanampisoa H.  « The capability approach as a framework for assessing the role of microcredit in resource conversion: the case of rural households in the Madagascar Highlands », Oxford Development Studies, pp.1-21, DOI:10.1080/13600818.2017.1368471.
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